Mayor led the change. The London Mayor has stepped up to lead a move to tackle air pollution and public health threat by transforming its buses to zero emission. Now the city operates the largest e-bus fleet in Europe.

London

London’s air pollution has caused thousands of deaths each year and led to health problems including dementia and stunting the growth of children’s lungs.

To respond to the pressure that a fast-growing population exerts on a cosmopolitan city, the London Mayor came up with a vision to build a ‘City for All Londoners’ in 2016, and including a move to transform the city’s vehicular fleet. The Mayor has committed to upgrade the entire bus fleet within Greater London to zero emission by 2037.

Currently, London is running the largest electric bus fleet including 155 electric buses, and from autumn 2020 all new single deck buses will be zero exhaust emission with a mix of hydrogen buses and electric buses. Two routes (routes 43 and 134) will become UK’s first full routes of electric double deck buses.

Factors for Success

Policy Drive
Implementation of Ultra Low Emission Zones (ULEZ) in London requires all single deck buses to be zero emission buses and double deck buses to be Euro VI hybrid.

Financial Subsidy
To accelerate transformation, the Government has provided the Green Bus Fund to subsidise purchase of electric buses.

Business model
A public-private partnership group, Low Carbon Vehicle Partnership (LowCVP), was established in the UK in 2003 to accelerate a sustainable shift to lower carbon vehicles and fuels, and create opportunities for UK business. Nearly 200 organizations are engaged and the Bus Working Group has over 50 active members.

Infrastructure
The Southern Electric Energy, one of the biggest energy supplier in the UK in collaboration with the UK Power, develops the charging infrastructure for e-buses. The e-bus manufacturers and the charging facility service provider are required to be attentive to the trial of the e-buses.

Environmental Impact

The Transport for London has set to reduce bus NOx (Nitrogen Oxides) emissions London-wide by an average of 90 per cent by October 2020.

Ban Fossil Fuel Vehicles

2030

From 2030 end of sale of new petrol and diesel cars and vans

The UK government will also consult on a date for phasing out the sale of new diesel heavy goods vehicles (HGVs)

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